Solid Waste Management in SANPASADA: Household Behavior and LGU Actions

Code:    04-034
Date:    06/01/2004 - 08/31/2005

The project was a research study jointly undertaken by the academe (University of the Philippines in Mindanao, University of Mindanao, and University of Southeastern Philippines, Davao City) and the local government units of SANPASADA (Sta. Cruz in Davao del Sur, Panabo City, Island Garden City of Samal, and Davao City).

The study aimed to help in the development of an environmentally-sound solid waste management (SWM) program in SANPASADA for the effective implementation of the Solid Waste Management Act (RA 9003). It also served to promote a more conscious effort at looking at the inter-relationship between population and development variables in local development planning.

Results showed that the project failed in its objective of facilitating the efficient implementation of RA 9003 through the proper operation of material recovery facilities (MRF).  By law, MRF shall be established in each barangay to receive biodegradable waste for composting and non-biodegradable waste for segregation, re-use and recycling.  This implies the existence of a SWM system in an area and the full cooperation of the residents in each barangay.  Although MRFs were built in 3 out of 4 barangays, a subsequent evaluation of the usefulness of these structures reveals that the MRFs were not used as intended.

The project was not able to gain the full support of the community as residents preferred to sell their recyclables to transient buyers for convenience and better price.  There was no SWM system that made use of the MRFs to generate income for community projects.