News - Four PCPD Fellows Featured in 2012 PPA Scientific Conference
Four PCPD fellows were among those who presented the highlights of their respective studies during the recently concluded 2012 Annual Scientific Conference of the Philippine Population Association.
They are Marian Aniban, Jo-Ann Latuja, Marian Angelica Panganiban, and Paolo Miguel Viscerra.
The studies of Aniban, Latuja and Panganiban were presented during the conference’s session on fertility and poverty.
University of San Carlos’ Prof. Francisco Largo, the discussant during the session, described their conclusions and recommendations as “state-of-the art findings” that showed new perspectives on fertility and poverty.
Viscerra’s study, on the other hand, was featured in the session on population, economic, and environment issues.
Pronatalism Aniban’s study was on Religion, Ethnicity, and Male Pronatalism in Selected Municipalities in the Poorest Provinces in the Philippines.
Pronatalism, according to Aniban’s study, is a view or value that supports procreation and is against limiting reproduction.
Those who favored pronatalism in the study’s respondents were older males who were least educated and who were employed but whose partners were unemployed, who were Muslims, and members of the ethnic groups of Jama Mapuns, Samals, Tausugs, and Maranaos.
These findings are important in understanding male fertility, particularly the males’ tendency to want large families and how this influences women’s fertility preferences.
Fertility models Latuja, meanwhile, studied the Bargaining vs. Neoclassical Model of Fertility in the Philippines.
The neoclassical fertility model, as pointed out in the study, assumes that the number of children depends on the joint decision of the husband and the wife. On the other hand, the bargaining model, being a more general model, allows for conflicting preferences between couples and gives importance to factors that affect the power of each spouse to influence decisionmaking.
The study shows evidence that the bargaining model of fertility is the more appropriate in the Philippines and should be seriously considered in developing programs and projects that aim to curb population growth.
Poverty Panganiban’s study was on Transient, Chronic and Intergenerational Poverty. It examined the poverty dynamics in the country by breaking down poverty into its transit and chronic components using the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey.
The study found that poverty experienced by most people is largely transient. The components of poverty used in the study are location of the household’s residence, the household dependency burden, the mother’s age, work in the farming sector, and whether the household is headed by a single person. It shows, among others, that children of the poor have difficulty getting out of poverty.
Managing disaster Viscerra studied the Philippine Prison Population: Exploring Prison Vulnerabilities to Disaster and Climate Risks.
The study looked into the prison situation in the country and reviewed policies, programs and projects on prison disaster risk management since prisoners are as vulnerable as everyone else when faced with disasters and emergencies brought about by climate change. It explores possible methods in handling disasters that affect the prison population.
PCPD Fellowship The PCPD Fellowship Program aims to create a core of researchers and practitioners who are able to study the relationships between socioeconomic development and population dynamics.
The three women were awarded fellowships for their masteral studies at the University of the Philippines – Latuja and Panganiban in the School of Economics and Aniban at the Population Institute (UPPI). Viscerra is still finishing his masteral degree at the UPPI. #####
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